Cup and Handle
Cup and handle patterns were first identified by William J O'Neil in his book How To Make Money In Stocks. The cup and handle is a longer term continuation pattern, normally observed on weekly charts.
The cup and handle forms as an intermediate/secondary cycle correction before the primary cycle resumes its up-trend. The pattern is a form of (ascending) triangle.
The cup pattern should take a minimum of 7 weeks to form. There is no upper limit with some patterns taking as long as a year. The handle may form over one or two weeks but may also take several months.
Newcrest Mining Limited (Australia) exhibits 2 cup and handle patterns over 1998/1999.
- The cup commences with a new peak , formed after a strong up-trend.
- A secondary correction occurs, with price falling +/- 50% from the peak at . This is high - cup and handle corrections normally vary between 10% and 30%.
- The stock then forms a second peak at , slightly lower than the first.
- The handle is completed  when price breaks above the intervening peak . The handle should form in the top half of the cup pattern, with volume contracting as the trough forms and then expanding on the breakout.
- A smaller cup and handle pattern follows with the cup completed at  and the handle completed by the subsequent breakout above $4.00. Again, observe how volume contracts as the handle forms and then rises sharply at the breakout.
- "Cups" with a sharp "V" bottom. The more "U" shaped the cup bottom is, the stronger the signal.
- Handles which are too deep. The handle should form in the top half of the cup pattern.
Volume should contract as the handle forms and then expand on the breakout.
Go long at the breakout from the handle pattern with a stop below the most recent low in the handle pattern.
United Energy Limited (Australia) shows a cup and handle pattern.
- Start of the cup pattern.
- The intervening peak completes the "cup" and starts the "handle".
- Go long at the breakout  above the high of .
- Place a stop-loss below the most recent low in the handle pattern.